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Writing with sources

image of writing in notebookFinding, evaluating, organizing, synthesizing, and documenting sources are complex, interconnected activities central to academic writing. What we often call plagiarism may actually be an incomplete or improper understanding of the principles and protocols of using and citing sources. Nonetheless, the explosion of information available in print and online makes it easier to plagiarize, that is, intentionally lift another’s prose or ideas without proper attribution.

In this section, you’ll find successful approaches to teaching students how to use sources appropriately and to avoid plagiarism.

Approaches to writing with sources

Teaching Citation and Documentation Norms (University of Michigan)

Using Sources (Yale)

Approaches to preventing plagiarism

Plagiarism Resource Site (developed by Bates, Bowdoin, and Colby Colleges; referred to by Jaschik, below)

Plagiarism Prevention Without Fear (Scott Jaschik in Inside Higher Ed)

Warding off “Virtual Papers” and Ghostwriters

Plagiarism Definitions

Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: The Council of Writing Program Administrators Statement on Best Practices

U of Minnesota Office for Community Standards (Information for Faculty and Staff)

Sample handouts and an online tutorial

Activities for Teaching Writing with Sources (Purdue OWL)

How to Recognize Plagiarism: A Tutorial (Indiana University)


... for teaching
Schedule individual consultations and attend our workshops and seminars.

... for student writers
Students can find out about one-to-one consultations and download handouts about style & grammar, punctuation, the writing process, and documentation.